Category Archives: Water


Water Podcasts Parts 1 & 2

Of all the commodities in the world, none were as important to the growth and development of human civilization as water. Some of the first great civilizations were centered on water sources such as rivers and lakes. Living near rivers was convenient because it gave easy access to water and the many uses of it. People used these water sources as a means to irrigate crops and trade between cities. As civilization advanced, people began to look outwards to even further off lands. Humans began to build large sea fairing vessels to transport them and commodities to these far off lands. Vasco de Gama and Christopher Columbus were two of the major explorers who discovered new lands and brought new commodities to Europe.  Wealth was found on the water, due to the importance of trade at the time. In our first podcast we look at the history of water and its importance to agriculture and navigation.

As civilization and technology advanced further, humans developed a self-destructive society. Smog producing factories, chemical waste, and the lack of awareness for the environment has led to a much more toxic ecosystem. As time progressed, people became aware of their environmental impact and have taken steps towards a greener future. Laws and regulations have been some of the actions put in place to protect the environment but as you will see in our second podcast they do not always work out. We invite you to sit back, listen, and enjoy the history of water.

Evan Mol, Taylor Lansing, James Mulligan


Chellaney, Brahma. Water: Asia’s New Battleground. Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press, 2011.

Du, Yan-Jun, Ning-Jun Jiang, Shui-Long Shen, and Fei Jin. “Experimental Investigation of Influence of Acid Rain on Leaching and Hydraulic Characteristics of Cement-based Solidified/stabilized Lead Contaminated Clay.” Journal of Hazardous Materials 225–226 (July 2012): 195–201.

Langford, Malcolm. “The United Nations Concept of Water as a Human Right: A New Paradigm for Old Problems?” International Journal of Water Resources Development 21, no. 2 (June 2005): 273–282.

Outwater, Alice B. Water : a natural history. New York, NY: BasicBooks, 1996.

Solomon, Steven. Water : the epic struggle for wealth, power, and civilization. New York: Harper Perennial, 2011.


 Water Podcasts Parts 1 & 2

Water is not just a commodity, but an essential benefactor to human sustainability. The human body is composed of 60% water and the use of water for a person is steadily increasing. Whether a person be bathing in it, drinking it, or using it for recreational purposes, this molecule’s use for a person is irreplaceable.

Recently, the realization of the amount of water consumed and used throughout the world is more than we have available.  What was once thought of as an irrevocable asset, is now becoming less and less available for use. Seas and lakes that raged with water years ago, are now completely dried up.

Pollution is an added factor to these droughts and water unavailability as well. More than one billion people in the developing countries do not have access to clean water and are at risk to deathly diseases and illnesses. While they strive to get a drop of clean water, America basks in it and uses it in total excess. The average swimming pool contains 18,000 gallons of water. That is more than a whole country across the globe has period.

Water is a commodity that is used in all aspects of life. Years ago it was what launched trade between countries and allowed for resources to be shifted from one country to another. Today however, it is becoming a less available necessity and soon, if consumption intakes do not change, will forever be gone and human life as we know it will be non-existent

Hailey Marrero, Austin Reinicke, Gerrit Van Ruiswyk



Carmel, Stephen M. “Globalisation, Security, and Economic Wellbeing.” Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs 3, no. 4 (December 2011): 109–117.

Mancke, Elizabeth. “Early Modern Expansion and the Politicization of Oceanic Space.” Geographical Review 89, no. 2 (April 1, 1999): 225–236. doi:10.2307/216088.

O’Rourke, Kevin H., and Jeffrey G. Williamson. “Did Vasco Da Gama Matter for European Markets?” Economic History Review 62, no. 3 (August 2009): 655–684.

Levin, Ronnie B., Paul R. Epstein, Tim E. Ford, Winston Harrington, Erik Olson, and Eric G. Reichard. “U.S. Drinking Water Challenges in the Twenty-First Century.” Environmental Health Perspectives 110 (February 1, 2002): 43–52. doi:10.2307/3455233.

Wu, Jessica. “Last Call at the Oasis.” Participant Media. Web